HyperLink   Superblock Formation Using Static Program Analysis.
Paper of IMPACT - Cited Greater than 100 Times
Publication Year:
  Richard E. Hank, Scott A. Mahlke, Roger A. Bringmann, John C. Gyllenhaal, Wen-mei Hwu
  Proceedings of the 26th Annual ACM/IEEE Int'l Symposium on Microarchitecture, Austin, Texas, pp. 247-256, Dec. 1993

Compile-time code transformations which expose instruction- level parallelism (ILP) typically take into account the constraints imposed by all execution scenarios in the program. However, there are additional opportunities to increase ILP along some execution sequences can be ignored. Traditionally, profile information has been used to identify important execution sequences for aggressive compiler optimization and scheduling. This paper presents a set of static program analysis heuristics used in the IMPACT compiler to identify execution sequences for aggressive optimization. We show that the static program analysis heuristics identify execution sequences without hazardous conditions that tend to prohibit compiler optimizations. As a result, the static program analysis approach often achieves optimization results comparable to profile information in spite of its inferior branch prediction accuracies. This observation makes a strong case for using static program analysis with or without profile information to facilitate aggressive compiler optimization and scheduling.