HyperLink   The Superblock: An Effective Technique for VLIW and Superscalar Compilation
Paper of IMPACT - Cited Greater Than 750 Times
Publication Year:
  Wen-mei Hwu, Scott A. Mahlke, William Y. Chen, Pohua P. Chang, Nancy J. Warter, Roger A. Bringmann, Roland G. Ouellette, Richard E. Hank, Tokuzo Kiyohara, Grant E. Haab, John G. Holm, Daniel M. Lavery
  Journal of Supercomputing, 1993

A compiler for VLIW and superscalar processors must expose sufficient instruction-level parallelism(ILP) to e ectively utilize the parallel hardware. However, ILP within basic blocks is extremely limited for control-intensive programs. We have developed a set of techniques for exploiting ILP across basic block boundaries. These techniques are based on a novel structure called the superblock. The superblock enables the optimizer and scheduler to extract more ILP along the important execution paths by systematically removing constraints due to the unimportant paths. Superblock optimization and scheduling have been implemented in the IMPACT-I compiler. This implementation gives us a unique opportunity to fully understand the issues involved in incorporating these techniques into a real compiler. Superblock optimizations and scheduling are shown to be useful while taking into account a variety of architectural features. Index terms - code scheduling, control-intensive programs, instruction-level parallel processing, optimizing compiler, pro le information, speculative execution, superblock, superscalar processor, VLIW processor.