HyperLink   Program Optimization Space Pruning for a Multithreaded GPU
Paper of IMPACT - Cited Greater Than 250 Times
Publication Year:
  Shane Ryoo, Christopher I. Rodrigues, Sam S. Stone, Sara Sadeghi Baghsorkhi, Sain-Zee Ueng, John A. Stratton, Wen-mei Hwu
  Proceedings of the 2008 International Symposium on Code Generation and Optimization, April 2008

Program optimization for highly-parallel systems has historically been considered an art, with experts doing much of the performance tuning by hand. With the introduction of inexpensive, single-chip, massively parallel platforms, more developers will be creating highly-parallel applications for these platforms, who lack the substantial experience and knowledge needed to maximize their performance. This creates a need for more structured optimization methods with means to estimate their performance eects. Furthermore these methods need to be understandable by most programmers. This paper shows the complexity involved in optimizing applications for one such system and one relatively simple methodology for reducing the workload involved in the optimization process.

This work is based on one such highly-parallel system, the GeForce 8800 GTX using CUDA. Its exible allocation of resources to threads allows it to extract performance from a range of applications with varying resource requirements, but places new demands on developers who seek to maximize an applications performance. We show how optimizations interact with the architecture in complex ways, initially prompting an inspection of the entire conguration space to nd the optimal conguration. Even for a seemingly simple application such as matrix multiplication, the optimal conguration can be unexpected. We then present metrics derived from static code that capture the rst-order factors of performance. We demonstrate how these metrics can be used to prune many optimization congurations, down to those that lie on a Pareto-optimal curve. This reduces the optimization space by as much as 98% and still nds the optimal conguration for each of the studied applications.