HyperLink   Region-Based Compilation: An Introduction and Motivation.
Paper of IMPACT - Cited Greater Than 100 Times
Publication Year:
  Richard E. Hank, Wen-mei Hwu, B. Ramakrishna Rau
  Proceedings of the 28th Annual International Symposium on Microarchitecture, pp. 158-168, Dec. 1995

As the amount of instruction-level parallelism required to fully utilize VLIW and superscalar processors increases, compilers must perform increasingly more aggressive analysis, optimization, parallelization and scheduling on the input programs. Traditionally, compilers have been built assuming functions as the unit of compilation. In this framework, function boundaries tend to hide valuable optimization opportunities from the compiler. % making it undesirable. Function inlining may be applied to assemble strongly coupled functions into the same compilation unit at the cost of very large function bodies. This paper introduces a new technique, called region-based compilation, where the compiler is allowed to repartition the program into more desirable compilation units. Region-based compilation allows the compiler to control problem size while exposing inter-procedural optimization and code motion opportunities.