HyperLink   Checkpoint Repair for High-Performance Out-of-Order Execution Machines
Paper of IMPACT - Cited Greater than 150 Times
Publication Year:
  Wen-mei Hwu, Yale N. Patt
  Computers, IEEE Transactions on, 1987

Out-or-order execution and branch prediction are two mechanisms that can be used profitably in the design of supercomputers to increase performance. Proper exception handling and branch prediction miss handling in an out-of-order execution machine do require some kind of repair mechanism which can restore the machine to a known previous state. In this paper we present a class of repair mechanisms using the concept of checkpointing. We derive several properties of checkpoint repair mechanisms. In addition, we provide algorithms for performing checkpoint repair that incur little overhead in time and modest cost in hardware. We also note that our algorithms require no additional complexity or time for use with write-back cache memory systems than they do with write-through cache memory systems, contrary to statements made by previous researchers.